United States

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Kingdom rankUnited States
United States.png
Primary culture
American (British)

Capital province
Manhattan (965)

Government
Constitutional RepublicGovernment republic.png

State religion
ProtestantProtestant.png

Technology group
WesternWestern technology group
American ideas
Traditions.png Traditions:
+1 Merchant
+20% Religious unity

No religion penalty.png Freedom of Religion

Negative religious tolerance no longer gives any penalties.

National unrest.png Bill of Rights

−2 National unrest

Colonists.png Empire of Liberty

+1 Colonists

Morale of armies.png Lessons of Valley Forge

+10% Morale of armies

Goods produced modifier.png Workshop of the World

+15% Goods produced modifier

Prestige.png Shining City on a Hill

+1 Yearly prestige

Cb on primitives.png Indian Removal

Can fabricate claim overseas in colonial region.

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+0.5 Yearly republican tradition

The United States is a nation born from the fires of European colonialism. Instead of owing allegiance to a European monarch like so many other colonies, its capital and heartland are in North America. Once ties are cut with nations across the Atlantic, the United States may fulfill its manifest destiny for all future Americans.

Missions[edit]

United States's missions focus on the revolutionary war, expansion in North America.

Military power.png Defend Liberty

We are the true heirs of the Whig tradition that the autocratic government back in Britain has betrayed. We must defend our right to no taxation without representation in the same manner as Cromwell and Fairfax.
 
Mission trigger.png
Triggers
Acquisition conditions

This country:

Great Britain owns provinces in Northeast region.

Acquisition chance

Base weight: 3000

  • United States has a ruler with military skill of at least 4: ×2
  • England has a ruler with military skill less than 2: ×2
Success conditions

United States:

  • is not at war with Flag of Great Britain Great Britain
  • owns all provinces in Northeast Region
Failure conditions

United States is a subject nation but not a tributary state.


Mission effect.png
Effects
Reward

The United States:

  • gains Army tradition.png50 army tradition.
  • gains Icon stability.png2 stability.
Temporary effects

None


For whatever reason, the chance of this mission being available is affected by England's military skill, not Great Britain's. This is probably a typo.

Military power.png Conquer Florida

The United States could not keep its hands off Florida.
 
Target provinces

All of the following provinces that are not owned by United States:

  • Pensacola (923), Ais (926), Timucua (927), Apalachee (928), Chatot (2533), Yustaga (2534), Calusa (2535) and Mayaimi (2636)

Mission trigger.png
Triggers
Acquisition conditions

This country:

At least 1 of the target provinces is bordering the United States.

Acquisition chance

Base weight: 3000

  • United States has a ruler with military skill of at least 4: ×2
Success conditions

All target provinces are owned by the United States.

Failure conditions

United States is a subject nation but not a tributary state.


Mission effect.png
Effects
Reward

The United States get the modifier “Inspiring Victory” for 10 years with the following effects:

  • Prestige.png+1 yearly prestige,
  • Manpower recovery speed.png+10% manpower recovery speed.
Temporary effects

United States gains a claim on every target province.

Administrative power.png Ol' Man River

The Mississippi River is the artery through which all commerce in the interior of North America flows. If we are to keep our independence we must have access to this river.
 
Mission trigger.png
Triggers
Acquisition conditions

This country:

Acquisition chance

Base weight: 3000

  • United States has a ruler with military skill of at least 4: ×2
Success conditions

United States owns any province in the Mississippi (region).

Failure conditions

At least 1 of the following is true for the United States:


Mission effect.png
Effects
Reward

The United States gets the modifier “Inspiring Victory” for 10 years with the following effects:

  • Prestige.png+1 yearly prestige,
  • Manpower recovery speed.png+10% manpower recovery speed.
Temporary effects

None


Events[edit]

Main articles: American revolution events, American Dream events

The US' events mostly focus on the American revolution. The events added by the American Dream DLC adds many other historical events.

Formation[edit]

The United States can be formed by any former colonial nation with its capital in ‘Colonial Eastern America’ (colonial region).[1]

Execute decision.pngForm American Nation

Long have these proud colonies been subject to the greed and oppression of the European powers, but no more! The surge of liberty in the colonies has granted us an opportunity of forming a proud federation of independent states free from tyranny. The United States of America!
 
Potential Requirements

The game is not using a random New World.
The country:

If this country is AI-controlled, it must own at least 3 provinces.

Allow

The country:

Flag of United States United States does not exist.


Effects

The country:

  • changes to Flag of United States United States.
  • gains a permanent claim on every non-owned province of Colonial Eastern America.
  • gains Prestige.png25 prestige.
  • gets the modifier “Increased Centralization” for 20 years with the following effects:
    • Autonomy.png−0.05 monthly autonomy change,
    • National unrest.png+1 national unrest.

If the country:

  • is a member of the HRE and not an elector or the emperor
    • then all its provinces are removed from the HRE.
  • is a duchy
    • then it becomes a Kingdom rank kingdom.
  • does not have custom ideas


Strategy[edit]

Forming the United States by Releasing a Colonial Nation[edit]

This strategy requires players to behave a little unnaturally for the first century or so of the game, but if done correctly, it will produce an American empire stretching "from sea to shining sea" many years before 1776. Playing as a colonial European power such as Flag of England England, Flag of Portugal Portugal, Flag of Castile Castile, or Flag of France France, focus on colonizing above all else. Access to the Eastern America region may be gained most often through Iceland and the Azores leading, respectively, to Greenland and Bermuda. The Azores and Iceland are low-cost military targets, but are often hard to fabricate claims on, so other causus bellis must be used.

Ideas[edit]

The first idea group acquired should of course be Exploration idea group.png Exploration, followed by Expansion idea group.png Expansion, though it can be wise to wait until reaching Diplomatic Technology Level 7 before investing any monarch points in ideas. The third idea group needs to be a military idea group. Plutocratic idea group.png Plutocratic and Quantity idea group.png Quantity Ideas both unlock useful policies that boost settler growth. This policy, along with the Colonial Settlement Act, should be implemented as soon as the requisite idea groups are completed. Nations focusing on trade will be benefited most by Plutocratic ideas; countries that want to expand militarily or have powerful rivals will likely be better off with Quantity.

Gameplay as the Mother Country[edit]

Complete every mission and take every event decision that grants the Colonial Enthusiasm modifier or otherwise helps colony growth. For example, with The Cossacks.png The Cossacks DLC, a player can boost Global settler increase.png Global Settler Increase by +10 every ten years by using the Grant New World Charter interaction with the Burghers.png Burgher Estate. Colonial Eastern America is usually a low priority for other nations' colonization efforts; wise players will use this to their advantage and get the Pope to recognize their right to the area before anyone else has arrived. (This will result in a Catholic United States, but it's worth it to discourage competitors from colonizing provinces the United States will want later on.) Countries with a parliament, like Flag of England England, should use it to get an extra colonist as often as possible. Resolving parliamentary debates immediately will shorten the length of time a player must wait before the Charter Colonies debate option comes up again.

Colonize the entire Eastern America region, focusing on the coastlines first. Conquer any Native American tribes in the region as soon as the fledgling colonial nation can successfully absorb them. With the incentive of an adjacent province, the colonial nation may declare a few of these colonial conquest wars on its own. Note that as of 1.18.3, these tribes will embrace institutions quickly, losing their status as "primitives" and therefore the Colonial Conquest causus belli. If left alone for too long, a player will need to fabricate a claim on their provinces like any other nation.

It can be helpful to establish tiny colonial nations in adjoining regions like Canada and Mexico. These will give a Catholic mother country a Treaty of Tordesillas claim on these areas to keep rivals out, but at the same time will leave plenty of open land for the United States to expand into once it's independent. To prevent giving these nations any land the future United States might desire, use the subject interactions in the Subjects tab to grant provinces to the correct colonial nation. Note that a player may only grant provinces that are directly controlled, not provinces belonging to another colonial nation, so the single day when a colony is self-sustaining but not yet granted to its normal colonial nation is often the only possible day to grant it to the future United States. Note also that it is not possible to grant provinces while at war, so time wars carefully!

During all this colonizing, do not neglect European expansion. A player needs to maintain a strong European power base so that the colonial nation’s liberty desire stays below 50% until the player is ready to release it. For the same reason, it’s best to keep tariffs as low as feasible. Granting provinces will also decrease liberty desire, as will investing in the colonial nation's development. A wise player will do a lot of both to give the future United States the best starting position possible. If playing with the Mandate of Heaven.png Mandate of Heaven DLC, don't be afraid to take a Golden Age as the European power; since the United States will be a new nation, it will be able to have a golden age of its own later on.

Releasing the Colony[edit]

Once the entire Eastern America region is colonized (or more, if a player is intent on gifting provinces outside that colonial region) and the nation is ready to be released, a wise player will make sure that the newly independent United States doesn’t have to immediately compete against the colonizing powerhouse of the mother country. It is therefore best to send all the mother country’s colonists to the most remote, slow-growing, uncolonized land within reach (jungle provinces in Africa, for instance), or abandoning the Exploration idea group.png Exploration and Expansion idea group.png Expansion groups altogether. If the newly released American nation is likely to come into quick conflict with its mother country, it is possible to sabotage the European country before releasing the colonial nation. If the two are likely to be allies because of their shared cultural ties, however, it’s often best to leave the European power in as strong a military position as possible before releasing your colonial nation. If other colonizing nations have established colonies that America will want to absorb, it can be helpful to have the European mother country rival the owners of those colonial nations.

If the mother country has, as this strategy guide suggests, established small colonial nations near the United States, it's advisable to release these nations as well, just before releasing the United States (make sure not to play as them, though!). This allows America to have some neighbors to interact with, and possibly vassalize and annex.

Now it's time to release the colonial nation. Make sure to check the box to play as the released nation!

Gameplay as the United States[edit]

Once in the driver's seat of the newly independent nation, a player has a lot of important decisions to make. The first is to get the right idea groups. The colonial nation should already have completed Expansion idea group.png Expansion Ideas and Plutocratic idea group.png Plutocratic Ideas, but America needs the two colonists from Exploration idea group.png Exploration Ideas and all of the colonization-boosting policies to reach the Pacific before other nations do (or, at least, in time to keep their colonial nations in California and Alaska small). It is worth abandoning two of the uncompleted idea groups in order to access Exploration and Quantity Ideas immediately. Don't worry about the loss; these idea groups can be chosen again later if needed. Abandoning these idea groups should refund a small amount of monarch power that can then be spent on the new idea groups. It may be wise to get the first few ideas in these groups before forming the Flag of United States United States—a colonial nation's generic national ideas include one that reduces the cost of ideas; the American national ideas do not. Instead, they grants an extra colonist, which will be needed, so don't delay forming the United States for too long. (Plus, once the United States is formed, a player gets access to all the fun events from the American Dream DLC, almost all of which are helpful.)

Once the United States has formed, a wise player will change the country’s religion to either Reformed.png Reformed or Protestantism Protestant. America's first national idea makes this transition essentially painless other than the prestige hit, and the penalty is worth it—as a Catholic nation, colonizing any colonial region that's already claimed by another Catholicism Catholic power, including America's mother country, will damage America’s relations with that country and retard settler growth in that region. As a Protestant or Reformed nation—even if the majority of America’s provinces are still Catholic—the United States faces neither penalty. (And if a Protestant United States adds the Heretics Deported aspect of faith, her colonies will grow even faster.) The relations penalty for being a different religion than most of Europe is much more easily overcome than the penalty for repeatedly breaking the Treaty of Tordesillas.

For the moment, America’s focus should be the same as it was for the mother nation: colonize, colonize, colonize. With luck, the nation's colonist may have already encroached into Louisiana or Canada before the nation was even released. Expand upon this advantage. Focus on coastlines; if other nations can't get an easy foothold into a region, they're likely to leave it alone. The four coastal provinces of Louisiana are the first priority; after that, consider cutting off expansion into Canada. Then make a beeline across the south toward the Pacific. Try to prevent the Europeans from colonizing California if at all possible. If someone else gets there first, make sure they can't expand eastward through Arizona or Oregon. Taking missions to conquer native tribes can be very helpful in getting west quickly. Focus on completing missions and choosing event options that boost your colonies' growth, and make sure to core provinces once they reach 1000 inhabitants.

While colonizing, try to stay out of fights with European powers until America’s technology is at least equal to theirs and the United States has a stalwart European ally who can keep most of a European enemy’s troops busy. Often, the mother nation is the best bet for such an ally. It can be useful to delay declaring rivals for a time to avoid being called into European wars before America is ready for them. Quantity idea group.png Quantity Ideas are essential for America to defend her vast borders from European invasions and internal insurrections.

Institution Spread[edit]

Colonial nations have a generous bonus to institution spread while under the control of their mother country. Once the mother country embraces an institution, its colonial nations will do so shortly thereafter. This bonus ends the moment the colonial nation is released. A wise player will plan proactively to embrace future institutions by building the appropriate buildings—trade buildings for Global Trade; manufactories, plantations, and trade stations for Manufactories; and universities for the Enlightenment. (Much of this can be done as the European power developing its subject.) Make sure the requisite buildings are built in at least 10 percent of the country's development, ideally before the institution is even born. With aggressive colonization, America's economic base should expand sufficiently to cover the costs of all this construction (and the construction, in turn, will boost America's economy—especially the plantations and trade companies). Even so, the United States will likely have to save up two or three thousand ducats to fully embrace the institution—that's the downside of colonization: each province added to the nation increases the cost of embracing institutions. It may be necessary to take out loans to embrace an institution and avoid falling behind Europe technologically, but it is usually worth the cost, if for no other reason than obtaining or maintaining great power status and the benefits that come with it.

Manifest Destiny[edit]

Done correctly, the United States can reach the Pacific and potentially colonize parts of Siberia, Australia, Indonesia, and Oceania before turning its attention inward and settling the Great Plains of North America. By this time, especially if America has conquered another colonial nation or two, the United States should be a great power able to compete directly with any nation in Europe. Support the Independence of any large New World colonial nations that America doesn't intend to invade (such as ones in Brazil or La Plata), and America can gain some consistent, reliable allies who probably have some of the same European rivals that the United States does. It can be very hard for two or even three European powers to invade the combined territory (and military might) of the Flag of United States United States, Flag of Chile Chile, and Flag of Brazil Brazil. Eclipse enough European rivals, and America may even find herself in a cold war with Flag of Russia Russia—a century and a half early.

Achievements[edit]

Note: Unlike other achievements, this one requires starting on a non-1444 bookmark:

Liberty or Death icon
Liberty or Death
Start as United States in 1776 bookmark and own all your cores while being at peace.

References[edit]

  1. For the script code of the decision see in /Europa Universalis IV/decisions/USANation.txt.
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