Subject nations are semi-independent tributaries that surrender their economic, diplomatic and/or military power to another country in exchange for protection by their overlord. It is possible to see a subject's nation information by selecting the country icon on the subjects tab. The types of subject nations range from the primarily economic Trade company to the military-focused March. All subjects (except trade companies) have a liberty desire that determines their loyalty towards their liege.
- Main article: Vassal
Vassals are the most basic form of subject nations. They are required to pay a portion of their tax income to their overlord. While vassals may have control over their own territory and military, they also automatically join any conflict their overlord enters into.
Vassalization can occur militarily by forcing it upon a defeated enemy in a war. Diplomatic vassalage can occur if a military alliance exists and relations are high. Vassals cannot declare war, and automatically fabricate claims against their overlord's rivals and any other hostile nations. Vassals with over 50% liberty desire can request a support of independence from other nations, and break free through an independence war.
After a nation has been a vassal of another country for at least ten years, their overlord can begin diplomatically integrating them into the overlord's domain. This results in the vassal's annexation.
|Available only with the Art of War DLC enabled.|
- Main article: March
A march is a militaristic vassal that cannot be annexed and does not pay taxes to the overlord, but has lower liberty desire and gets significant bonuses to their armed forces.
March status can be revoked and the subject turned into a simple vassal but at the cost of stability and relations loss.
|Available only with the Art of War DLC enabled.|
- Main article: Client state
Generally, any province within two tiles by land can be added to a client state, including over straits. The first province that a new client state is given is automatically designated as the capital, and the culture in that province will become the primary culture of the new client state. The client state will have its creator's state religion.
It is possible to customize the flag and the name of a client state based on a set of flag templates and images.
- Main article: Personal union
Junior partners in a personal union share the same ruler as that of the leading country. Like vassals, junior partners of a personal union will automatically go to war if their overlord does, but they do not have to provide their overlord with a percentage of their monthly income, and only get a small +10 relations boost with their overlord.
Personal unions can occur when a ruler dies without a legal heir. In this case, if a royal marriage partner shares the same dynasty as the deceased ruler, it becomes the senior partner in a union. A succession war may erupt between rivals or valid partners. Additionally, a claim throne casus belli can be used on nations with a disputed succession (weak or no heir) of the same dynasty that the player has a royal marriage with.
Personal union partners can be inherited or integrated provided the union has been stable for fifty years. Diplomatic integration annexes the junior partner at the cost of diplomatic monarch points. Inheritance automatically annexes the junior partner with no autonomy, but occurs only upon ruler death. The probability of inheritance increases with the senior partner's diplomatic reputation and decreases with the junior partner's development.
A personal union can end upon the death of the senior ruler when the senior partner has either negative prestige or the junior partner has a negative opinion of its senior. If this occurs, the former senior partner will get a "Restoration of Union" casus belli on the former junior partner, allowing the union to be reinstated militarily.
Some nations can get a "Restoration of Union" CB against countries that they never had a union with in the first place, such as Austria, which can receive this casus belli against Bohemia by mission and Hungary by event.
Only nations that have one of the Christian religions as their state religion are able to form personal unions.
- Main article: Protectorate
A protectorate is a nation that is protected diplomatically and militarily against imperialistic third parties by another technologically superior nation. A country can only make another country a protectorate if the subject's base technology cost is at least 50% greater than that of the overlord. Generally, nations of this category can only become protectorates. In exchange, the protectorate transfers 50% of its trade power to its liege, and receives a -20% technology cost discount.
Protectorates enjoy independence in that they may freely declare war without calling the overlord to arms. However, they are protected like vassals in that they call the overlord in any war in which they are attacked.
Additionally, protectorates are only automatically called to arms in an overlord's colonial war. In a conventional war, an overlord does not call in its protectorates.
- Main article: Colonial nation
Colonial Nations in the Conquest of Paradise DLC represent the distant New World colonial territories of European powers. They will automatically form once five cored colonial provinces exist inside a single colonial region. Once formed, colonial nations will take control of any province that would otherwise be owned by their overlord in a given colonial region, even if the province is uncored or would otherwise cause extreme overextension.
Militarily, colonial nations are treated as vassals, and called to arms in all wars. Colonial nations will assist in overseas conflicts with their navy, but their armies will only operate in the same continent as the colonial nation.
When created, the colonial nation's flag is generated based on the mother country's flag and the colonial region the new Colonial Nation is located in. For example, a nation in the Mexico colonial region will have a yellow flag, while one in the Eastern North America colonial region will have a light-blue one.
|Available only with the Wealth of Nations DLC enabled.|
- Main article: Trade company
A trade company is a collection of overseas provinces that trades tax and manpower for maritime benefits.
A province in a trade company provides approximately half the income, no manpower, and no sailors to the home country but produces double the trade power and adds 0.5 naval force limit. Additionally, goods produced remains unaffected by cultural intolerance.
Trade companies may be formed by nations that belong to the Western tech group and own at least one province in any of the twelve trade company regions scattered throughout Africa and Asia. They differ from colonial nations in the Americas and Australia in that they are not separate governments, as all territories remain part of the mother country. Provinces in trade company must belong to a territory - adding them to a state will automatically remove them from a trade company. Provinces can be added or removed from a trade company at any time.
All subject nations have a liberty desire between 0 and 100, indicating their wish for independence.
- Below 50 a subject state is loyal: it pays taxes/tariffs to its liege and takes an active part in all wars.
- Above 50 liberty desire, a subject becomes disloyal, refusing to pay taxes while being unhelpful in wars by only defending its own territory. Disloyal subjects readily accept support for their independence from foreign nations and make alliances with each other, and may declare an independence war if they have sufficient strength.
- At 100 liberty desire, a state is rebellious and will declare its independence at the slightest opportunity.
Liberty desire depends on the sum of the following factors:
- The relative army size of the subject compared to its liege. There is +75 liberty desire for having 100% of the liege's forces, scaling proportionately (e.g. +37.5 at 50%).
- The combined strength of all vassals, marches, and client states is used for their liberty desire.
- The combined strength of all protectorates is also used for their liberty desire.
- Personal union partners, daimyos, and colonial nations only consider their individual strengths.
- Additionally, nations allied with or supporting the liberty of a subject nation will have their army strength added to that specific subject. Other subjects will not have their army strength increased, unless their independence is also supported.
- A base modifier depending on type of subject: -25 for client states and protectorates, -15 for marches, +10 for Japanese daimyos; 0 for vassals, colonies and personal union partners.
- +0.25 per point of development for vassals, client states, and marches.
- +5 for each level the overlord's diplomatic technology is behind the subject's.
- -0.1 for each point of positive relations (max -20), +0.2 for each point of negative relations (max +40).
- -50 for historical friends.
- +50 for historical rivals.
- -3 per point of diplomatic reputation.
- ±0.4 per point of trust below/above 50 (min -20 at 100 trust, max +20 at 0 trust)
- +1 per point of the overlord's war exhaustion for colonial nations.
- -50 if recently defeated in an independence war (decreasing over time).
- +0.2 for colonies, per point of the colonial nation's administrative efficiency.
- +0.2 per colonies, per point of tariff rate.
Certain ideas reduce liberty desire in subjects:
|Please help improve this article or section by expanding it with: missing interaction ('Pay off debt').|
All subject nations are listed in the subjects tab in country interface. Subject interactions require Common Sense DLC unless otherwise stated. Liberty Desire modifiers from most sources - "events and province defections" decay at 0.1% per month. Toggled liberty desire modifiers (embargo rivals, support royalists, subsidize armies, divert trade, send officers) last until cancelled.
Enhance provinces of subject nations
|Available only with the Rights of Man DLC enabled.|
It is possible for the overlord to construct buildings in the provinces of subjects, and to develop them to reduce their liberty desire, the more points are spent on the development, the less liberty-desirous the subject will be. However, base liberty desire increases with each point of development, so this is a short-term savings that may hurt you in the long run.
|Available only with the Art of War DLC enabled.|
A nation can set it's subject's military focus to either of the 6, this will determine how they behave in wars ( NB: The subject will not obey you or leave their country's borders at war if it has more than 50% liberty desire:
|No focus||The subject will decide its own strategies.|
|Supportive||The subject will seek to attach to friendly armies.|
|Aggressive||The subject will be aggressive towards enemies.|
|Passive||This will make the subject stay with armies in their own territory, and defend there.|
|Defensive||This will make the subject defend the allie's territory. ( Recommended for stronger subjects )|
|Siege||This will make the subject use it's armies to siege down hostile fortresses and not seek any battles.|