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This is a list of all of the Papal State's events.
The Commissioning of the Saint Peter's Basilica
Pope Julius II started building the Basilica not very long after being elected Pope. The completion would take more than 100 years and one of most famous artist in history, Michelangelo, had a large role at times in its completion, both as an architect and as a painter.
The Foundation of Societas Jesu
In 1540 Pope Paulus III recognized the Jesuite Order, created 1534 by the Spaniard Don Iñigo López de Recalde, better know as Ignatius of Loyola. He becomes one of the most devoted counter reformists and enemy number one of the Protestant movement. Loyola having a soldier background makes its mark on the order, which is organized almost as an army. High priority was given both to educating missionaries but also counselors for European royal courts. This made the Jesuite order very powerful in the politic scene. 1773 the Jesuite order was dissolved by Pope Pius VI due to pressure from Christian countries in the age of enlightenment. 1814 the Jesuite order was reinstituted, however just as a faint shadow of the powerful order it once had been.
Reorganization of the Holy Inquisition
At the initiative of Pietro Caraffa from Naples, the Pope reorganizes the Roman inquisition according to the Spanish model. Together with the Jesuits a reign of terror is inflicted on the people. However the cruel methods are effective and lead to completely eradicating the Protestant movement in the Italian peninsula.
Giordano Bruno was an Italian theologian that identified God with Nature. Even though he considered himself a Christian, he both defended Copernicus' view of the cosmos as well as satirized blind belief in religion. He was arrested in Venezia and was extradited to Rome, where he was put on trial.
The Cleansing of the Pontinian Marches
1779 Pope Pius VI drained the Pontinian marches to create more productive farmland instead of useless swamps.
The Counter-Reformation and the Reformation of the Catholic Faith
The Counter-reformation movement historically started in 1540 with the institution of the Societas Jesu. This marked the beginning of a few highly volatile decades in European history when the two sides of Reformed and Counter-reformed fought each other. At the same time there were forces within the Catholic Church who wanted reform to remedy the corruption and other afflictions of the church. Thus in 1545 the Council of Trent was called. The debate went on for almost 20 years with almost as much turmoil created as on the battlefields against the Protestants.