- +25% Trade steering
- +10% Cavalry combat ability
- +5% Global trade power
- +10% Trade range
- +1 Yearly prestige
- +15% Manpower recovery speed
- +5% Discipline
- +10% Production efficiency
- −15% Stability cost modifier
- +10% Trade efficiency
- +25% Provincial trade power modifier
The Mamluks control Egypt and Syria at the start of the game, but was historically conquered by the Ottomans in the 16th century. They have a vassal that controls the holy cities of Islam in Hejaz. They are Sunni and has the semi-unique Iqta government. The Mamluks sit on the main tradenodes directing trade from India and China to Europe. They are the only nation that can form Egypt without culture shifting.
- Main article: Mamluk events
If this country is AI controlled,
Egypt does not exist.
Arabia does not exist.
If the country is AI-controlled, it has to be not a former colonial nation.
If the country:
This section may contain outdated information that is inaccurate for the current version of the game. The last version it was verified as up to date for was 1.17.
The Mamluks have a strong army, excellent trade revenue and great opportunities to expand eastward and south. Yet all these great strengths come to naught due to the juggernaut in Anatolia. The Ottomans are stronger and more powerful than ever in mid game, making any attempt to defeat them at this point extremely difficult.
The key to Ottoman strength are those Turkish cores in the Anatolian minors. They cost nothing to core, have the right culture and religion, so the Ottomans can grow extremely powerful with them. The strategy must therefore consist in denying them their cores. This can be accomplished by acting fast.
Sell carracks one by one to Venice, Ragusa, Genoa, Aragon, the Papal States or whoever. It's possible to get 20-40 ducats for each. These ships cost lots of maintenance (0.48) and galleys are far more cost effective in the Mediterranean (0.04). Revoke guarantee from Cyprus. They are a distraction. Start building galleys. Mamluks need roughly 30-40, check the ledger to find the target.
As soon as Mamluks have the claim on Adana, attack. They have allied with Aq Qoyunlu, which is great. They might have allied with Candar, which might be even better. Crush and siege, send the fleet quickly to siege up Candar before the Turks declare on them. Fabricate on Tekke.
Vassalize Candar in a separate peace. Take Ezerum and give Ar Raqqa to Dulkadir. Finish the war against Ramazan, give Adana to Dulkadir. Release Eretna, Mamluks will need them to get back some cores from the Ottomans.
Now quickly dissolve the alliance with Dulkadir and attack. Mamluks will still have the CB because they have Adana. Vassalize. Karaman should be next. They probably don’t have any other allies, so it's easy to crush them. Now, when the Ottomans realize that fat juicy Karaman is without allies, they will attack. But Mamluks have already sieged their provinces. After Mamluks vassalize them in the peace, war will suddenly erupt with the Ottomans. Place the fleet so that it's possible to crush a dozen galleys at first to ensure naval superiority, then block the Bosporus strait.
The aim against the Ottomans is to eliminate any troops in Anatolia while using the navy to keep the majority of Ottoman forces in Greece. After this war return cores to Anatolian vassals and pick up some money if possible. Keep repeating this process, picking up cores for vassals or directly until the Ottomans have been forced from Asia. Supporting rebels if funds are available is a further method to create havoc in the Ottoman lands. Annex vassals and consolidate control of Asia minor before looking to the East.
The same process of feeding a vassal should be repeated with Persia; however, if they've already revolted free then it's a slower process to dismantle the Timurids. A solid and safe border in the East is the goal, with both the North and East under control it's possible to focus on Africa and Arabia. Use a casus belli to get involved with the Arabian peninsula and aim to control centers of trade and other high value provinces first. Keep a wary eye on the Ottomans—they are always a threat until they're eliminated; with luck they'll fracture in Europe and not be replaced by another dangerous opponent. Picking up Byzantium as a Sunni vassal is an efficient method of converting Greek and Balkan lands.
Expansionist Europeans are the next issue, with Spain taking top billing; ally with anyone who has Spain as a rival and maintain naval superiority using galleys in inland seas. With control of the Mediterranean it's possible to dictate the terms of conflicts with Spain; use this to mass troops against their forces and then fracture their country. From here on the Mamluks are relatively free to do as they wish; one goal could be to restore the great Hellenistic Empire of Alexander the Great and realize his dream of taking India. Unite Islam and restore the Silk road all the way to China.