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Culture

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This article may contain outdated information that is inaccurate for the current version of the game. It was last updated for 1.8.

Culture groups in 1444
Individual cultures in 1444

Culture icon.png In the game, cultures are divided into groups. Each province has one dominant culture, and each country has one primary culture with possibly one or more accepted cultures.

Primary culture[edit]

All countries have one primary culture. This is normally fixed, although the "Accept Cultural Shift" decision can change it, as can certain national decisions.

For the cultural shift decision to be available, a nation's capital must be situated in a province that does not share its primary culture. To then enact the decision, the culture in the capital province must be the dominant culture in the nation. For the purposes of the decision, the culture with the most provinces in a nation defines which is dominant.

Accepted cultures[edit]

Many countries have one or more accepted cultures alongside their primary culture, and these may change over time. These cultures comprise a significant minority, or even majority, of the country's population, and are treated as well as the primary culture.

A culture will become accepted if owned, cored provinces of that culture provide at least 20% base tax of total base tax from all cored provinces. The total base tax is summed across all provinces with a nation's cores, even if another nation currently controls them.

If the tax percentage drops below 10%, cultures will lose their accepted status. With the Cultural Ties idea from the Humanist Idea group, the percentage needed for accepted cultures is lowered to 10% and loss of accepted cultures is reduced to 5% of the total base tax. The threshold can be further reduced through a number of national ideas and policies:

Accepted culture threshold.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
−50%

Humanist idea 5: Cultural Ties
−15%

Polish traditions Athenian idea 2: Athenian Openness
Bahmani idea 3: Dakani Language
Fulani Jihad idea 6: Community of the Faithful
Mexican idea 2: The Republic of Indians
Ottoman idea 1: Ottoman Tolerance
−10%

Ayutthayan traditions
Shan traditions
Vindhyan traditions
Arawak idea 4: Tribal Tolerance
Beninese idea 6: Adoption of Benin Customs
Caucasian idea 1: Crossroad Of Cultures
Central Indian idea 4: Flexible Caste System
Mossi idea 3: Nyonnyonse Vassals
Lan Xang idea 1: Laotian Ethnic Diversity
West African idea 7: Maintain Minor Kings
Humanist−Diplomatic: Multilingual Diplomats
Humanist−Plutocratic: Cultural Recognition Act

Having the bonus "trading in silk" will lower the accepted cultural threshold by 10%

Having Enlightened despotism will lower the accepted cultural threshold by 10%

Cultural unions such as Scandinavia, France, Spain and Byzantium will automatically accept all cultures within their respective culture group (e.g., French cultures for France, German cultures for Germany). As of patch 1.6, this applies even if a nation's primary culture isn't of the union group (for example, if Navarre forms France, all French cultures will be accepted even though Basque is in a different group). It is also possible for a decision or event to make a country a cultural union; this currently applies to the decisions creating Ruthenia and the united Holy Roman Empire.

Penalties for unaccepted cultures[edit]

A province with a non-accepted culture will provide less tax and have higher unrest alongside other penalties. A province with a culture in the same culture group, but not the same culture as the owner will get lighter penalties:

Same culture group

  • Local tax modifier.png −15% Local tax modifier
  • Local manpower modifier.png −15% Local manpower modifier

Different culture group

  • Local tax modifier.png −33% Local tax modifier
  • Local manpower modifier.png −33% Local manpower modifier
  • Local revolt risk.png  +2   Local unrest
  • Local missionary strength.png  −2% Local missionary strength

Republican Cultural Sufferance

Republics get an additional cultural sufferance modifier in different culture-group provinces. This stacks with the usual penalty, mitigating but not eliminating it.

  • Local tax modifier.png +10% Local tax modifier
  • Local manpower modifier.png +10% Local manpower modifier
  • Local revolt risk.png  -0.5  Local unrest

Culture change[edit]

It is possible to change the culture of a province to the primary culture of the owner.

25 diplomatic points per base tax[1] (100 for a base tax 4 province for instance) are needed to change the culture of a province. Overseas provinces are converted at 5 diplomatic points per base tax.[2] Changing culture takes 24 months per base tax.[3] Like coring, building and converting, a siege will suspend this, and cancel it if it succeeds. Furthermore, the province must have the state religion, be a core, and not have Nationalism in order to convert culture. Culture also cannot be converted if the primary country of that culture exists.

Cost and time

The cultural conversion cost modifier reduces both, the diplomatic points and the time needed. The following modifiers exist:

Ideas and policies:

Culture conversion cost.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
−25%

Fully Religious
−20%

Karamanid idea 1: Mehmet Bey's Firman
Muscovite idea 3: Oprichnina
Influence-Religious: Cultural Unity
−10%

Aragonese ambitions
Divine ambitions
Decisions and events:
Culture conversion cost.png Event modifier Trigger Duration
−5% Itinerant Capital Ethiopian event: “The Itinerant Capital
Option: ‘Actively encourage the cultural conversion of the countryside.’
for 10 years.

Other modifiers:

−10% for being a administrative republic

Primary nation[edit]

Most cultures have a "primary nation." These nation will keep uncontested cores indefinitely.[4] Primary nations of each culture can be found in the list below.

List of culture groups[edit]

Note that culture groups are not just based on linguistic criteria - for example, Romanian is grouped with the South Slavic cultures due to cultural similarities and for gameplay purposes, even though Romanian is a Romance (Latin-derived) language, not Slavic.

Primary nations of each culture are listed to the right of each culture.

African

Altaic

Andean

Arabic

Union: Arabia Arabia

Araucanian

  • Het
  • Huarpe
  • Mapuche - Mapuche Mapuche
  • Patagonian

Baltic

British

Union: Great Britain Great Britain

Burman

Byzantine

Union: Byzantium Byzantium

Caddoan

Caribbean

  • Carib
  • Lokono - Arawak Arawak
  • Maipurean
  • Taino

Caucasian

Celtic

Central Algonquian

Central American

Central Indian

Chibchan

Chinese

Cushitic

Dravidian

East Slavic

Union: Russia Russia,
Ruthenia Ruthenia

Eastern Algonquian

Eastern Aryan

Eskaleut

  • Aleutian
  • Inuit

Evenks

Finno Ugric

  • Estonian
  • Finnish - Finland Finland
  • Ingrian (Unused)
  • Karelian
  • Ostyaks
  • Sami
  • Samoyed
  • Uralic - Perm Perm

French

Union: France France

Germanic

Union: Germany Germany,
Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Empire

Hindusthani

Union: Hindustan Hindustan

Hmong-Mien

Iberian

Union: Spain Spain

Iranian

Union: Persia Persia


Iroquoian

Japanese

Je

Kamchatkan

Korean

Latin

Union: Italy Italy


Maghrebi

Magyar

Malay

Union: Malaya Malaya

Mande

Marañón

Matacoan

  • Chacoan

Mayan

  • Highland Mayan
  • Mayan - Maya Maya
  • Putun - Itza Itza
  • Yucatec - Xiu Xiu

Mon Khmer

Muskogean

Na-Déné

Oghuz

Otomanguean

Pacific

  • Aboriginal
  • Melanesian (Unused)
  • Moluccan - Ternate Ternate
  • Papuan

Penutian

Plains Algonquian

Sahelian

Scandinavian

Union: Scandinavia Scandinavia

Siouan

Sonoran

South Slavic

Sudanese

Tartar

Thai

Tupi

West African

West Slavic

Western aryan

Statistics[edit]

These statistics are given in 1444. Uncolonized provinces are not counted.

Culture groups[edit]

Culture group Province count Base tax Base manpower
African 33 75 48
Altaic 82 169 189
Andean 31 77 42
Arabic 85 193 156
Araucanian 1 1 1
Baltic 10 30 19
British 20 106 50
Burman 40 88 79
Byzantine 19 87 52
Caddoan 3 4 3
Caribbean 2 2 2
Caucasian 19 44 42
Celtic 12 47 34
Central Algonquian 8 12 8
Central American 18 55 21
Central Indian 13 17 20
Chibchan 7 30 12
Chinese 103 452 243
Cushitic 55 93 81
Dravidian 33 118 89
East Slavic 60 213 179
Eastern Algonquian 6 20 11
Eastern Aryan 31 112 85
Evenk 8 18 23
Finno-Ugric 26 41 36
French 45 257 185
Germanic 93 563 261
Hindustani 27 119 73
Hmong-Mien 2 4 3
Iberian 43 234 132
Iranian 60 164 141
Iroquoian 12 32 19
Japanese 26 91 56
Je 2 8 3
Kamchatkan 8 8 8
Korean 14 39 23
Latin 33 218 124
Maghrebi 50 124 67
Magyar 12 45 21
Malay 58 184 136
Mande 27 81 41
Maranon 2 2 2
Mayan 15 45 15
Mon Khmer 21 71 48
Muskogean 7 13 8
Na-Déné 4 6 4
Oghuz 38 125 102
Otomanguean 11 27 11
Pacific 2 8 6
Penutian 2 6 2
Plains Algonquian 4 4 4
Sahelian 41 97 58
Scandinavian 37 85 69
Siouan 4 6 4
Sonoran 6 10 6
South Slavic 27 88 51
Sudanese 14 15 18
Tatar 52 136 123
Thai 34 94 81
Tupi 4 10 4
West African 23 41 29
West Slavic 18 99 62
Western Aryan 42 127 87

Individual cultures[edit]

Culture Culture group Province count Base tax Base manpower
Abenaki Eastern Algonquian 1 3 2
Afghan Iranian 12 30 32
Aimara Andean 13 36 18
Ainu Kamchatkan 5 5 5
Aka West African 2 5 2
Albanian South Slavic 1 1 1
Algerian Maghrebi 9 18 13
Amhara Cushitic 13 24 23
Andalusian Iberian 8 41 22
Anishinabe Central Algonquian 3 6 3
Aquitaine French 3 16 9
Aragonese Iberian 2 11 7
Arakanese Burman 2 7 4
Arapaho Plains Algonquian 2 2 2
Armenian Caucasian 4 9 8
Assamese Eastern Aryan 4 9 10
Astrakhani Tatar 6 19 17
Austrian Germanic 12 90 41
Avadhi Hindustani 5 25 16
Azerbaijani Oghuz 7 17 12
Aztec Central American 6 23 7
Bai Burman 5 13 10
Baluchi Iranian 9 15 18
Bambara Mande 4 14 5
Bantu African 10 17 12
Bashkir Tatar 4 12 11
Basque Iberian 3 9 8
Bavarian Germanic 12 81 30
Bedouin Arabic 45 66 55
Bengali Eastern Aryan 12 54 40
Berber Maghrebi 16 39 21
Bihari Eastern Aryan 4 23 14
Bilala Sahelian 2 6 2
Blackfoot Plains Algonquian 1 1 1
Bornean Malay 10 32 26
Bozo Mande 4 15 6
Breton Celtic 4 17 18
Bulgarian South Slavic 6 20 12
Burgundian French 9 45 36
Burmese Burman 4 20 15
Buryat Evenk 7 17 22
Byelorussian East Slavic 8 25 29
Caddo Caddoan 1 1 1
Cantonese Chinese 5 23 11
Cara Chibchan 4 15 6
Carib Caribbean 1 1 1
Castilian Iberian 10 52 29
Catalan Iberian 6 40 24
Central Thai Thai 8 28 24
Chachapoyan Maranon 2 2 2
Chahar Altaic 6 16 14
Cham Malay 5 15 10
Charruan Je 1 5 2
Cherokee Iroquoian 3 7 3
Cheyenne Plains Algonquian 1 1 1
Chickasaw Muskogean 2 3 2
Chimuan Andean 5 9 6
Chin Burman 6 8 7
Chinook Penutian 1 3 1
Chiwere Siouan 1 3 1
Choctaw Muskogean 2 3 2
Circassian Caucasian 5 8 9
Cosmopolitaine French 13 87 65
Cree Central Algonquian 1 1 1
Creek Muskogean 3 7 4
Crimean Tatar 8 24 24
Croatian South Slavic 7 24 14
Czech West Slavic 4 28 16
Dagestani Caucasian 4 11 10
Dagomba West African 3 3 3
Dakota Siouan 1 1 1
Danish Scandinavian 10 33 25
Delaware Eastern Algonquian 1 4 1
Diaguita Andean 2 4 2
Dutch Germanic 6 42 22
Dyola Mande 4 6 5
Egyptian Arabic 19 51 41
English British 14 84 41
Estonian Finno-Ugric 3 5 4
Finnish Finno-Ugric 8 12 10
Flemish Germanic 5 36 17
Fon West African 1 1 1
Fulani Sahelian 1 3 3
Gan Chinese 3 13 7
Galician Iberian 1 4 3
Garjati Central Indian 3 3 3
Gascon French 3 17 12
Ge Je 1 3 1
Georgian Caucasian 6 16 15
Gondi Central Indian 7 11 14
Gothic Byzantine 1 3 3
Greek Byzantine 18 84 49
Guarani Tupi 1 1 1
Gujarati Western Aryan 10 34 17
Haida Na-Déné 1 1 1
Hakka Chinese 4 18 8
Hannoverian Germanic 13 76 41
Hausa Sahelian 10 30 20
Hessian Germanic 4 16 6
Highland Mayan Mayan 4 11 4
Hindvi Hindustani 9 46 28
Hubei Chinese 3 16 9
Hungarian Magyar 12 45 21
Huron Iroquoian 4 12 8
Illini Central Algonquian 2 3 2
Irish Celtic 5 19 10
Iroquois Iroquoian 4 10 6
Jin Chinese 8 27 18
Japanese Japanese 26 91 56
Javanese Malay 14 42 34
Jharkandi Central Indian 3 3 3
Jianghuai Chinese 6 47 14
Kachin Burman 2 5 4
Kamchatkan Kamchatkan 3 3 3
Kannada Dravidian 11 40 31
Kanuri Sahelian 9 19 10
Karelian Finno-Ugric 1 1 1
Karen Burman 3 9 5
Kashmiri Hindustani 3 4 4
Khalkha Altaic 10 18 20
Khazak Altaic 23 39 41
Khmer Mon Khmer 12 36 25
Khorasani Iranian 8 21 19
Kongolese African 9 21 17
Korean Korean 14 39 23
Kurdish Iranian 8 24 19
Kyrgyz Altaic 4 9 11
Laotian Thai 10 26 22
Latvian Baltic 3 8 7
Leonese Iberian 4 20 14
Lithuanian Baltic 5 19 10
Lokono Caribbean 1 1 1
Lombard Latin 21 154 78
Mahican Eastern Algonquian 1 2 4
Malayalam Dravidian 3 5 6
Malayan Malay 12 43 23
Mali Mande 4 16 12
Maltese Latin 1 3 2
Malvi Western Aryan 6 19 13
Manchu Chinese 24 71 54
Mapuche Araucanian 1 1 1
Marathi Western Aryan 9 36 21
Mashriqi Arabic 8 23 22
Mazandarani Iranian 3 13 10
Miao Hmong-Mien 2 4 3
Mikmaq Eastern Algonquian 1 4 1
Min Chinese 7 29 14
Mishar Tatar 9 23 18
Mixtec Otomanguean 3 8 3
Moluccan Pacific 2 8 6
Mon Mon Khmer 4 16 9
Mongol Altaic 7 15 18
Moroccan Maghrebi 12 36 18
Mossi West African 6 12 9
Muisca Chibchan 3 15 6
Nakota Siouan 1 1 1
Navajo Na-Déné 3 5 3
Nepali Eastern Aryan 6 11 8
Nogaybak Tatar 13 22 22
Norman French 2 10 10
Northern Thai Thai 4 13 9
Norwegian Scandinavian 14 21 19
Nubian Sudanese 14 15 18
Nupe West African 3 4 4
Occitain French 8 40 35
Oirat Altaic 9 13 17
Old Prussian Baltic 2 3 2
Oriya Eastern Aryan 3 11 9
Osage Siouan 1 1 1
Ostyak Finno-Ugric 5 9 9
Panjabi Hindustani 10 44 25
Pawnee Caddoan 1 2 1
Pequot Eastern Algonquian 1 4 2
Persian Iranian 20 61 43
Piman Sonoran 1 1 1
Polish West Slavic 12 62 40
Pomeranian Germanic 4 20 13
Portuguese Iberian 9 57 25
Powhatan Eastern Algonquian 1 3 1
Prussian Germanic 7 41 20
Pueblo Sonoran 3 7 3
Purepecha Central American 4 12 4
Putun Mayan 3 6 3
Qasimi Tatar 1 4 5
Qazanly Tatar 7 19 14
Quechua Andean 11 28 16
Rajput Western Aryan 13 29 26
Rheinlaender Germanic 18 98 44
Romanian South Slavic 5 23 11
Russian East Slavic 33 122 99
Ruthenian East Slavic 19 66 51
Salish Penutian 1 3 1
Sami Finno-Ugric 3 3 3
Saxon Germanic 12 63 27
Schlesian West Slavic 2 9 6
Scottish British 6 22 9
Senegambian Sahelian 6 13 9
Serbian South Slavic 8 20 13
Shan Thai 7 18 16
Shandong Chinese 5 21 13
Shawnee Central Algonquian 2 2 2
Shona African 5 13 6
Shoshone Sonoran 2 2 2
Siberian Tatar 4 13 12
Sichuanese Chinese 4 25 11
Sicilian Latin 7 33 25
Sidamo Cushitic 5 10 8
Sindhi Western Aryan 4 9 10
Sinhala Eastern Aryan 2 4 4
Somali Cushitic 32 50 40
Songhai Mande 7 19 8
Soninke Mande 4 11 5
Sulawesi Malay 3 14 10
Sumatran Malay 14 38 33
Susquehannock Iroquoian 1 3 2
Swahili African 9 24 13
Swedish Scandinavian 13 31 25
Syrian Arabic 13 53 38
Tamil Dravidian 9 39 24
Tecos Central American 4 14 6
Telegu Dravidian 10 34 28
Tibetan Burman 14 18 25
Tigray Cushitic 5 9 10
Tlapanec Otomanguean 4 11 4
Totonac Central American 4 6 4
Tuareg Sahelian 13 26 14
Tunisian Maghrebi 13 31 15
Tupinamba Tupi 3 9 3
Turkish Oghuz 25 101 83
Turkmeni Oghuz 6 7 7
Umbrian Latin 4 28 19
Uralic Finno-Ugric 6 11 9
Uyghur Altaic 10 20 25
Uzbek Altaic 13 39 43
Vietnamese Mon Khmer 5 19 14
Wallonian French 7 42 18
Welsh Celtic 3 11 6
Wichita Caddoan 1 1 1
Wu Chinese 8 49 20
Xiang Chinese 3 12 9
Xibei Chinese 9 35 20
Yi Burman 4 8 9
Yorumba West African 8 16 10
Yucatec Mayan 8 28 8
Yukaghir Evenk 1 1 1
Zapotek Otomanguean 4 8 4
Zhili Chinese 5 26 14
Zhongyuan Chinese 9 40 21
Zhuang Thai 5 9 10

Footnotes[edit]

  1. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: PS_CHANGE_CULTURE = 25
  2. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: PS_CHANGE_CULTURE_OVERSEAS_RELIGION_MOD = -0.8, -- Modifier how much cheaper it is to change culture in overseas province if same religion
  3. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: MONTHS_TO_CHANGE_CULTURE = 24, -- How many months it will take to change culture in a province, per basetax.
  4. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: CORE_LOSE_PRIMARY_CULTURE_TAG = -1, -- how many years until a core is lost for the primary tag of a country (-1 = never lost)
  5. This is a bug since patch 1.8, see: EUIV: Bug Reports: Iraq is primary nation of Iroquois???.
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