Culture

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This article may contain outdated information that is inaccurate for the current version of the game. It was last updated for 1.10.

Culture groups in 1444
Individual cultures in 1444

Culture icon.png In the game, cultures are divided into groups. Each province has one dominant culture, and each country has one primary culture with possibly one or more accepted cultures.

Primary culture[edit]

All countries have one primary culture. This is normally fixed, although the "Accept Cultural Shift" decision can change it, as can certain national decisions.

For the cultural shift decision to be available, a nation's capital must be situated in a province that does not share its primary culture. To then enact the decision, the culture in the capital province must be the dominant culture in the nation. For the purposes of the decision, the culture with the most provinces in a nation defines which is dominant.

Accepted cultures[edit]

Many countries have one or more accepted cultures alongside their primary culture, and these may change over time. These cultures comprise a significant minority, or even majority, of the country's population, and are treated as well as the primary culture.

A culture will become accepted if owned, cored provinces of that culture provide at least 20% base tax of total base tax from all cored provinces. The total base tax is summed across all provinces with a nation's cores, even if another nation currently controls them.

If the tax percentage drops below 10%, cultures will lose their accepted status. With the Cultural Ties idea from the Humanist Idea group, the percentage needed for accepted cultures is lowered to 10% and loss of accepted cultures is reduced to 5% of the total base tax. The threshold can be further reduced through a number of national ideas and policies:

Accepted culture threshold.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
−50%

Humanist idea 5: Cultural Ties
−15%

Polish traditions Athenian idea 2: Athenian Openness
Bahmani idea 3: Dakani Language
Fulani Jihad idea 6: Community of the Faithful
Mexican idea 2: The Republic of Indians
Ottoman idea 1: Ottoman Tolerance
−10%

Ayutthayan traditions
Shan traditions
Vindhyan traditions
Arawak idea 4: Tribal Tolerance
Beninese idea 6: Adoption of Benin Customs
Caucasian idea 1: Crossroad Of Cultures
Central Indian idea 4: Flexible Caste System
Mossi idea 3: Nyonnyonse Vassals
Lan Xang idea 1: Laotian Ethnic Diversity
West African idea 7: Maintain Minor Kings
Humanist−Diplomatic: Multilingual Diplomats
Humanist−Plutocratic: Cultural Recognition Act

Having the bonus "trading in silk" will lower the accepted cultural threshold by 10%

Having Enlightened despotism will lower the accepted cultural threshold by 10%

Unlike other mechanics like reduced core creation cost, the accepted culture threshold have no cap, so you can reach a 100% of cultural acceptance with the right setup. This would require all possible factors: of course Humanism (50%), both polices (+20% =70%), trading in silk (+10%=80%), Enlightened despotism (+10%=90%), and a nation that has a respective national idea or tradition (10% or 15% which brings the total to 100% or above). If the Ottomans or a Polish Commonwealth manage to create an Eurasian Empire and dominate the silk trade, this would be an interesting strategy to maximize tax income and manpower, while minimizing unrest to keep the Empire stable. Since the policies have an upkeep of 1 administrative and 1 diplomatic power, small nations will often be better of with the one-time investment to convert provinces of a minority cultures.

Cultural unions such as Scandinavia, France, Spain and Byzantium will automatically accept all cultures within their respective culture group (e.g., French cultures for France, German cultures for Germany). As of patch 1.6, this applies even if a nation's primary culture isn't of the union group (for example, if Navarre forms France, all French cultures will be accepted even though Basque is in a different group). It is also possible for a decision or event to make a country a cultural union; this currently applies to the decisions creating Ruthenia and the united Holy Roman Empire, and also the Papal State decision to declare the Kingdom of God.

Penalties for unaccepted cultures[edit]

A province with a non-accepted culture will provide less tax and have higher unrest alongside other penalties. A province with a culture in the same culture group, but not the same culture as the owner will get lighter penalties:

Same culture group

  • Local tax modifier.png −15% Local tax modifier
  • Local manpower modifier.png −15% Local manpower modifier

Different culture group

  • Local tax modifier.png −33% Local tax modifier
  • Local manpower modifier.png −33% Local manpower modifier
  • Local unrest.png  +2   Local unrest
  • Local missionary strength.png  −2% Local missionary strength

Republican Cultural Sufferance

Republics get an additional cultural sufferance modifier in different culture-group provinces. This stacks with the usual penalty, mitigating but not eliminating it.

  • Local tax modifier.png +10% Local tax modifier
  • Local manpower modifier.png +10% Local manpower modifier
  • Local unrest.png  -0.5  Local unrest

Culture change[edit]

It is possible to change the culture of a province to the primary culture of the owner.

25 diplomatic points per base tax[1] (100 for a base tax 4 province for instance) are needed to change the culture of a province. Overseas provinces are converted at 5 diplomatic points per base tax.[2] Changing culture takes 24 months per base tax.[3] Like coring, building and converting, a siege will suspend this, and cancel it if it succeeds. Furthermore, the province must have the state religion, be a core, and not have Nationalism in order to convert culture. Culture also cannot be converted if the primary country of that culture exists.

Cost and time

The cultural conversion cost modifier reduces both, the diplomatic points and the time needed. The following modifiers exist:

Ideas and policies:

Culture conversion cost.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
−25%

Fully Religious
−20%

Karamanid idea 1: Mehmet Bey's Firman
Muscovite idea 3: Oprichnina
Influence-Religious: Cultural Unity
−10%

Aragonese ambitions
Divine ambitions
Decisions and events:
Culture conversion cost.png Event modifier Trigger Duration
−5% Itinerant Capital Ethiopian event: “The Itinerant Capital
Option: ‘Actively encourage the cultural conversion of the countryside.’
for 10 years.

Other modifiers:

−10% for being a administrative republic

Primary nation[edit]

Most cultures have a "primary nation." These nation will keep uncontested cores indefinitely.[4] Primary nations of each culture can be found in the list below.

List of culture groups[edit]

Note that culture groups are not just based on linguistic criteria - for example, Romanian is grouped with the South Slavic cultures due to cultural similarities and for gameplay purposes, even though Romanian is a Romance (Latin-derived) language, not Slavic.

Primary nations of each culture are listed to the right of each culture.

African

Altaic

Andean

Arabic

Union: Arabia Arabia

Araucanian

  • Het
  • Huarpe
  • Mapuche - Mapuche Mapuche
  • Patagonian

Baltic

British

Union: Great Britain Great Britain

Burman

Byzantine

Union: Byzantium Byzantium

Caddoan

Caribbean

Caucasian

Celtic

Central Algonquian

Central American

Central Indian

Chibchan

Chinese

Cushitic

Dravidian

East Slavic

Union: Russia Russia,
Ruthenia Ruthenia

Eastern Algonquian

Eastern Aryan

Eskaleut

  • Aleutian
  • Inuit

Evenks

Finno Ugric

  • Estonian
  • Finnish - Finland Finland
  • Ingrian (Unused)
  • Karelian
  • Ostyaks
  • Sami
  • Samoyed
  • Uralic - Perm Perm

French

Union: France France

Germanic

Union: Germany Germany,
Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Empire

Hindustani

Union: Hindustan Hindustan

Hmong-Mien

Iberian

Union: Spain Spain

Iranian

Union: Persia Persia


Iroquoian

Japanese

Je

Kamchatkan

Korean

Latin

Union: Italy Italy


Maghrebi

Magyar

Malay

Union: Malaya Malaya

Mande

Marañón

Matacoan

  • Chacoan

Mayan

  • Highland Mayan
  • Mayan - Maya Maya
  • Putun - Itza Itza
  • Yucatec - Xiu Xiu

Mon Khmer

Muskogean

Na-Déné

Oghuz

Otomanguean

Pacific

  • Aboriginal
  • Melanesian (Unused)
  • Moluccan - Ternate Ternate
  • Papuan

Penutian

Plains Algonquian

Sahelian

Scandinavian

Union: Scandinavia Scandinavia

Siouan

Sonoran

South Slavic

Sudanese

Tartar

Thai

Tupi

West African

West Slavic

Western Aryan

Statistics[edit]

These statistics are given in 1444. Uncolonized provinces are not counted.

Culture groups[edit]

Culture group Province count Base tax Base manpower Nation designer cost
African 33 75 48 218
Altaic 82 169 189 394
Andean 31 77 42 214
Arabic 85 193 156 469
Araucanian 1 1 1 2
Baltic 10 30 19 49
British 20 106 50 206
Burman 40 88 79 176
Byzantine 19 87 52 194
Caddoan 3 4 3 7
Caribbean 2 2 2 4
Caucasian 19 44 42 86
Celtic 12 47 34 91
Central Algonquian 8 12 8 35
Central American 18 55 21 126
Central Indian 13 17 20 37
Chibchan 7 30 12 52
Chinese 103 452 243 844
Cushitic 55 93 81 253
Dravidian 33 118 89 302
East Slavic 60 213 179 482
Eastern Algonquian 6 20 11 41
Eastern Aryan 31 112 85 252
Evenk 8 18 23 53
Finno-Ugric 26 41 36 87
French 45 257 185 507
Germanic 93 561 261 1065
Hindustani 27 119 73 237
Hmong-Mien 2 4 3 7
Iberian 43 234 132 478
Iranian 60 164 141 340
Iroquoian 12 32 19 51
Japanese 26 98 64 191
Je 2 8 3 21
Kamchatkan 8 8 8 16
Korean 14 39 23 82
Latin 33 218 124 402
Maghrebi 50 124 67 278
Magyar 12 45 21 66
Malay 58 184 136 429
Mande 27 81 41 164
Maranon 2 2 2 4
Mayan 15 45 15 60
Mon Khmer 21 71 48 149
Muskogean 7 13 8 21
Na-Déné 4 6 4 10
Oghuz 38 125 102 282
Otomanguean 11 27 11 77
Pacific 2 8 6 14
Penutian 2 6 2 18
Plains Algonquian 4 4 4 8
Sahelian 41 97 58 210
Scandinavian 37 85 69 198
Siouan 4 6 4 10
Sonoran 6 10 6 31
South Slavic 27 88 51 178
Sudanese 14 15 18 33
Tatar 52 136 123 300
Thai 34 94 81 195
Tupi 4 10 4 14
West African 23 41 29 80
West Slavic 18 99 62 191
Western Aryan 42 127 87 293

Individual cultures[edit]

Culture Culture group Province count Base tax Base manpower Nation designer cost
Abenaki Eastern Algonquian 1 3 2 5
Afghan Iranian 12 30 32 62
Aimara Andean 13 36 18 105
Ainu Kamchatkan 5 5 5 10
Aka West African 2 5 2 7
Albanian South Slavic 1 1 1 2
Algerian Maghrebi 9 18 13 31
Amhara Cushitic 13 24 23 62
Andalusian Iberian 8 41 22 93
Anishinabe Central Algonquian 3 6 3 24
Aquitaine French 3 16 9 25
Aragonese Iberian 2 11 7 18
Arakanese Burman 2 7 4 11
Arapaho Plains Algonquian 2 2 2 4
Armenian Caucasian 4 9 8 17
Assamese Eastern Aryan 4 9 10 19
Astrakhani Tatar 6 19 17 46
Austrian Germanic 12 88 41 162
Avadhi Hindustani 5 25 16 41
Azerbaijani Oghuz 7 17 12 54
Aztec Central American 6 23 7 60
Bai Burman 5 13 10 23
Baluchi Iranian 9 15 18 33
Bambara Mande 4 14 5 19
Bantu African 10 17 12 45
Bashkir Tatar 4 12 11 29
Basque Iberian 3 9 8 17
Bavarian Germanic 12 81 30 111
Bedouin Arabic 45 66 55 171
Bengali Eastern Aryan 12 54 40 124
Berber Maghrebi 16 39 21 80
Bihari Eastern Aryan 4 23 14 42
Bilala Sahelian 2 6 2 8
Blackfoot Plains Algonquian 1 1 1 2
Bornean Malay 10 32 26 78
Bozo Mande 4 15 6 21
Breton Celtic 4 17 18 45
Bulgarian South Slavic 6 20 12 32
Burgundian French 9 45 36 81
Burmese Burman 4 20 15 35
Buryat Evenk 7 17 22 51
Byelorussian East Slavic 8 25 29 54
Caddo Caddoan 1 1 1 2
Cantonese Chinese 5 23 11 64
Cara Chibchan 4 15 6 31
Carib Caribbean 1 1 1 2
Castilian Iberian 10 52 29 93
Catalan Iberian 6 40 24 94
Central Thai Thai 8 28 24 72
Chachapoyan Maranon 2 2 2 4
Chahar Altaic 6 16 14 30
Cham Malay 5 15 10 25
Charruan Je 1 5 2 17
Cherokee Iroquoian 3 7 3 10
Cheyenne Plains Algonquian 1 1 1 2
Chickasaw Muskogean 2 3 2 5
Chimuan Andean 5 9 6 15
Chin Burman 6 8 7 15
Chinook Penutian 1 3 1 14
Chiwere Siouan 1 3 1 4
Choctaw Muskogean 2 3 2 5
Circassian Caucasian 5 8 9 17
Cosmopolitaine French 13 87 65 167
Cree Central Algonquian 1 1 1 2
Creek Muskogean 3 7 4 11
Crimean Tatar 8 24 24 58
Croatian South Slavic 7 24 14 58
Czech West Slavic 4 28 16 59
Dagestani Caucasian 4 11 10 21
Dagomba West African 3 3 3 6
Dakota Siouan 1 1 1 2
Danish Scandinavian 10 33 25 73
Delaware Eastern Algonquian 1 4 1 15
Diaguita Andean 2 4 2 6
Dutch Germanic 6 42 22 94
Dyola Mande 4 6 5 17
Egyptian Arabic 19 51 41 122
English British 14 84 41 155
Estonian Finno-Ugric 3 5 4 9
Finnish Finno-Ugric 8 12 10 32
Flemish Germanic 5 36 17 73
Fon West African 1 1 1 2
Fulani Sahelian 1 3 3 6
GAN Chinese 3 13 7 20
Galician Iberian 1 4 3 7
Garjati Central Indian 3 3 3 6
Gascon French 3 17 12 39
Ge Je 1 3 1 4
Georgian Caucasian 6 16 15 31
Gondi Central Indian 7 11 14 25
Gothic Byzantine 1 3 3 6
Greek Byzantine 18 84 49 188
Guarani Tupi 1 1 1 2
Gujarati Western Aryan 10 34 17 91
Haida Na-Déné 1 1 1 2
Hakka Chinese 4 18 8 26
Hannoverian Germanic 13 76 41 187
Hausa Sahelian 10 30 20 65
Hessian Germanic 4 16 6 22
Highland Mayan Mayan 4 11 4 15
Hindvi Hindustani 9 46 28 104
Hubei Chinese 3 16 9 25
Hungarian Magyar 12 45 21 66
Huron Iroquoian 4 12 8 20
Illini Central Algonquian 2 3 2 5
Irish Celtic 5 19 10 29
Iroquois Iroquoian 4 10 6 16
JIN Chinese 8 27 18 45
Japanese Japanese 26 98 64 191
Javanese Malay 14 42 34 96
Jharkandi Central Indian 3 3 3 6
Jianghuai Chinese 6 47 14 71
Kachin Burman 2 5 4 18
Kamchatkan Kamchatkan 3 3 3 6
Kannada Dravidian 11 40 31 71
Kanuri Sahelian 9 19 10 44
Karelian Finno-Ugric 1 1 1 2
Karen Burman 3 9 5 14
Kashmiri Hindustani 3 4 4 8
Khalkha Altaic 10 18 20 38
Khazak Altaic 23 39 41 80
Khmer Mon Khmer 12 36 25 71
Khorasani Iranian 8 21 19 40
Kongolese African 9 21 17 38
Korean Korean 14 39 23 82
Kurdish Iranian 8 24 19 43
Kyrgyz Altaic 4 9 11 20
Laotian Thai 10 26 22 48
Latvian Baltic 3 8 7 15
Leonese Iberian 4 20 14 34
Lithuanian Baltic 5 19 10 29
Lokono Caribbean 1 1 1 2
Lombard Latin 21 154 78 282
Mahican Eastern Algonquian 1 2 4 6
Malayalam Dravidian 3 5 6 31
Malayan Malay 12 43 23 86
Mali Mande 4 16 12 46
Maltese Latin 1 3 2 5
Malvi Western Aryan 6 19 13 32
Manchu Chinese 24 71 54 145
Mapuche Araucanian 1 1 1 2
Marathi Western Aryan 9 36 21 77
Mashriqi Arabic 8 23 22 70
Mazandarani Iranian 3 13 10 38
Miao Hmong-Mien 2 4 3 7
Mikmaq Eastern Algonquian 1 4 1 5
Min Chinese 7 29 14 43
Mishar Tatar 9 23 18 41
Mixtec Otomanguean 3 8 3 17
Moluccan Pacific 2 8 6 14
Mon Mon Khmer 4 16 9 35
Mongol Altaic 7 15 18 33
Moroccan Maghrebi 12 36 18 101
Mossi West African 6 12 9 21
Muisca Chibchan 3 15 6 21
Nakota Siouan 1 1 1 2
Navajo Na-Déné 3 5 3 8
Nepali Eastern Aryan 6 11 8 19
Nogaybak Tatar 13 22 22 44
Norman French 2 10 10 30
Northern Thai Thai 4 13 9 22
Norwegian Scandinavian 14 21 19 59
Nubian Sudanese 14 15 18 33
Nupe West African 3 4 4 8
Occitain French 8 40 35 105
Oirat Altaic 9 13 17 45
Old Prussian Baltic 2 3 2 5
Oriya Eastern Aryan 3 11 9 20
Osage Siouan 1 1 1 2
Ostyak Finno-Ugric 5 9 9 18
Panjabi Hindustani 10 44 25 84
Pawnee Caddoan 1 2 1 3
Pequot Eastern Algonquian 1 4 2 6
Persian Iranian 20 61 43 124
Piman Sonoran 1 1 1 2
Polish West Slavic 12 62 40 117
Pomeranian Germanic 4 20 13 43
Portuguese Iberian 9 57 25 122
Powhatan Eastern Algonquian 1 3 1 4
Prussian Germanic 7 41 20 111
Pueblo Sonoran 3 7 3 25
Purepecha Central American 4 12 4 16
Putun Mayan 3 6 3 9
Qasimi Tatar 1 4 5 9
Qazanly Tatar 7 19 14 48
Quechua Andean 11 28 16 88
Rajput Western Aryan 13 29 26 64
Rheinlaender Germanic 18 98 44 172
Romanian South Slavic 5 23 11 44
Russian East Slavic 33 122 99 286
Ruthenian East Slavic 19 66 51 142
Salish Penutian 1 3 1 4
Sami Finno-Ugric 3 3 3 6
Saxon Germanic 12 63 27 90
Schlesian West Slavic 2 9 6 15
Scottish British 6 22 9 51
Senegambian Sahelian 6 13 9 32
Serbian South Slavic 8 20 13 42
Shan Thai 7 18 16 34
Shandong Chinese 5 21 13 34
Shawnee Central Algonquian 2 2 2 4
Shona African 5 13 6 49
Shoshone Sonoran 2 2 2 4
Siberian Tatar 4 13 12 25
Sichuanese Chinese 4 25 11 51
Sicilian Latin 7 33 25 58
Sidamo Cushitic 5 10 8 27
Sindhi Western Aryan 4 9 10 29
Sinhala Eastern Aryan 2 4 4 28
Somali Cushitic 32 50 40 145
Songhai Mande 7 19 8 27
Soninke Mande 4 11 5 34
Sulawesi Malay 3 14 10 44
Sumatran Malay 14 38 33 100
Susquehannock Iroquoian 1 3 2 5
Swahili African 9 24 13 86
Swedish Scandinavian 13 31 25 66
Syrian Arabic 13 53 38 106
Tamil Dravidian 9 39 24 83
Tecos Central American 4 14 6 20
Telegu Dravidian 10 34 28 117
Tibetan Burman 14 18 25 43
Tigray Cushitic 5 9 10 19
Tlapanec Otomanguean 4 11 4 48
Totonac Central American 4 6 4 30
Tuareg Sahelian 13 26 14 55
Tunisian Maghrebi 13 31 15 66
Tupinamba Tupi 3 9 3 12
Turkish Oghuz 25 101 83 214
Turkmeni Oghuz 6 7 7 14
Umbrian Latin 4 28 19 57
Uralic Finno-Ugric 6 11 9 20
Uyghur Altaic 10 20 25 51
Uzbek Altaic 13 39 43 97
Vietnamese Mon Khmer 5 19 14 43
Wallonian French 7 42 18 60
Welsh Celtic 3 11 6 17
Wichita Caddoan 1 1 1 2
Wu Chinese 8 49 20 99
Xiang Chinese 3 12 9 30
Xibei Chinese 9 35 20 70
Yi Burman 4 8 9 17
Yorumba West African 8 16 10 36
Yucatec Mayan 8 28 8 36
Yukaghir Evenk 1 1 1 2
Zapotek Otomanguean 4 8 4 12
Zhili Chinese 5 26 14 60
Zhongyuan Chinese 9 40 21 61
Zhuang Thai 5 9 10 19

Footnotes[edit]

  1. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: PS_CHANGE_CULTURE = 25
  2. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: PS_CHANGE_CULTURE_OVERSEAS_RELIGION_MOD = -0.8, -- Modifier how much cheaper it is to change culture in overseas province if same religion
  3. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: MONTHS_TO_CHANGE_CULTURE = 24, -- How many months it will take to change culture in a province, per basetax.
  4. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: CORE_LOSE_PRIMARY_CULTURE_TAG = -1, -- how many years until a core is lost for the primary tag of a country (-1 = never lost)
  5. This is a bug since patch 1.8, see: EUIV: Bug Reports: Iraq is primary nation of Iroquois???.
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