For colonial nations.
- −10% Development cost
- +0.5 Yearly republican tradition
- −15% Advisor costs
- +25% Provincial trade power modifier
- +2% Missionary strength
- −10% Idea cost
- −10% Regiment cost
- Adjacent provinces of a colony are revealed.
- +20 Global settler increase
- +1 Leader(s) without upkeep
- +10% Morale of armies
- 1 Formation of colonial nations
- 2 List of colonial regions
- 3 Flag
- 4 Names
- 5 Tariffs
- 6 Subject interaction
- 7 Liberty desire
- 8 Expanding colonial nations
- 9 Diplomacy and warfare
- 10 Other bonuses and penalties
- 11 Tags
- 12 Achievements
Formation of colonial nations
The New World and Australia is divided into several ‘colonial regions’ for the purpose of forming colonial nations. Colonial nations form if five cored overseas provinces exist in a single colonial region. Whether these cores are part of territories or states makes no difference; even if the colonizer makes a territory in a colonial region into a state, the corresponding colonial nation will still be formed. Whether the provinces are gained by conquest or colonization likewise does not matter.
A colonial power may have multiple colonial nations under its rule. They do not use up diplomatic relation slots.
As most colonial regions contain many more than five provinces, it is possible for multiple colonial nations from different colonizing countries to form in the same colonial region.
Nations with their capitals in colonial regions will not form colonial nations, even if they take land in another continent. For example, if the Iroquois (in North America) colonize Brazil (in South America), the colonized land will remain under direct Iroquois control.
There are twelve colonial regions in the game, eleven in the Americas and one covering Australia and New Zealand.
List of colonial regions
|Continent||Colonial region||Colour||Key provinces|
|North America||Colonial Alaska|
|North America||Colonial Canada|| IICOT: Hochelega (993), Winnipeg (1008)|
Estuary: Stadacona (994), Muskegon (1005)
|North America||Colonial Eastern America|| IICOT: Honniasont (2555)|
INH: Massachusetts (968)
|North America||Colonial Louisiana|| IICOT: Tamaroa (900), Potawatomi (944)|
Estuary: Chitimacha (893)
|North America||Colonial California||Estuary: Chinook (873)|
|North America||Colonial Mexico|| ICOT: Cuetlaxtlan (2647)|
IICOT: Pueblo (880)
|North America||Colonial Caribbean||INH: Havana (484), Barahonas (490)|
|South America||Colonial Colombia|| INH: Cartagena (828), Panama (835)|
Estuary: Guayaquil (819)
|South America||Colonial Peru|| ICOT: Lima (809)|
IICOT: Chuquiabo (802)
|South America||Colonial La Plata|| IICOT: Asuncion (775)|
INH: Picunmapu (787)
|South America||Colonial Brazil|| IICOT: Manaus (2934)|
INH: Bahia (756), Rio de Janeiro (763)
|Oceania||Colonial Australia||INH: Eora (1090)|
When a colonial nation is formed, the flag used to represent the nation is generated by dimidiating the motherland's flag with a solid strip of colour. This colour varies, depends on the colour of the colonial region of the colonial nation. If the motherland's flag changes (e.g., if the motherland is Castile, and Castile forms Spain or if the overlord is annexed), the colony's flag will change as well.
Most of the colonial nations have names based on the overlord however some have historically relevant names. The table below lists all possible names.
|Name||Colonial region||Motherland||Further triggers|
|Pacifico Norte||Colonial Alaska||Spain|
|Alyeska||Colonial Alaska||Russian culture|
|New [Root.GetName]||Colonial Alaska|
|Colonial Eastern America|
|Colonial La Plata|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Canada||Colonial Canada||France, French culture group|
|Acadia||Colonial Canada||France or French culture group|
|Nouvelle-Écosse||Colonial Canada||France||is the overlord of Scotland, is allied with Scotland or owns a province in the Highlands or Lowlands|
|Newfoundland||Colonial Canada||Great Britain or England|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Quebec||Colonial Canada||Great Britain or England|
|Laurentia||Colonial Canada||Great Britain or England|
|Borealia||Colonial Canada||Great Britain or England|
|Nova Scotia||Colonial Canada||Great Britain or England||Scotland does not exist and owns a province in the Highlands or Lowlands|
|Vinland||Colonial Canada||Scandinavian culture group|
|Nova Hollandia||Colonial Canada||Netherland, Holland or Dutch culture|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Canada||Colonial Canada|
|Manitoba||Colonial Canada||owns Manitoba (1010)|
|Hudson Bay||Colonial Canada|
|Rupert's Land||Colonial Canada|
|Thirteen Colonies||Colonial Eastern America||Great Britain or England|
|Nouvelle-Flandre||Colonial Eastern America||France or French culture group||owns Vlaanderen (90)|
|Floride||Colonial Eastern America||France or French culture group|
|Florida||Colonial Eastern America||Spain|
|Massachusetts||Colonial Eastern America||owns Massachusetts (968)|
|Connecticut||Colonial Eastern America||owns Connecticut (2010)|
|Manhattan||Colonial Eastern America||owns Manhattan (965)|
|Delaware||Colonial Eastern America||owns Delaware (957)|
|Conoy||Colonial Eastern America||owns Conoy (953)|
|Alabama||Colonial Eastern America||owns Alabama (924)|
|Virginia||Colonial Eastern America|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Louisiana||Colonial Louisiana||France or French culture group|
|Manitounie||Colonial Louisiana||France or French culture group|
|Illinois||Colonial Louisiana||France or French culture group||owns Illinois (915), Kaskaskia (916) or Cahokia (917)|
|owns Illinois (915), Kaskaskia (916) or Cahokia (917)|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Louisiana||Colonial Louisiana|
|Ohio||Colonial Louisiana||owns Ohio (948)|
|Missouri||Colonial Louisiana||owns Tamaroa (900) or Missouri (902)|
|Arkansas||Colonial Louisiana||owns Quapaw (897)|
|Michigan||Colonial Louisiana||owns Potawatomi (944) or Michigan (945)|
|Wisconsin||Colonial Louisiana||owns Sauk (912), Mesquakie (913) or Winnebago (914)|
|Iowa||Colonial Louisiana||owns Iowa (905)|
|Sisseton||Colonial Louisiana||owns Sisseton (908)|
|Kansas||Colonial Louisiana||owns Kansas (898)|
|Nebraska||Colonial Louisiana||owns Pawnee (901) or Omaha (903)|
|Yankton||Colonial Louisiana||owns Yanktonai (906) or Yankton (907)|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Columbia||Colonial California||Great Britain or England||Britsh culture group|
|New Albion||Colonial California||Great Britain or England||Britsh culture group|
|New Spain||Colonial Mexico||Spain|
|New Castile||Colonial Mexico||Castile|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Mexico||Colonial Mexico|
|Belize||Colonial Mexico||owns Belize (843)|
|Nicaragua||Colonial Mexico||owns Nicaragua (837)|
|Panama||Colonial Mexico||owns Panama (835)|
|Honduras||Colonial Mexico||owns Belize (840)|
|Hispaniola||Colonial Caribbean||Spain||owns Les Cayes (488), Tortuga (489) and Barahonas (490)|
|Castile||owns Les Cayes (488), Tortuga (489) and Barahonas (490)|
|Aragon||owns Les Cayes (488), Tortuga (489) and Barahonas (490)|
|Isla Juana||Colonial Caribbean||Spain||owns Havana (484), Moron (485) and Guantanamo (486)|
|Castile||owns Havana (484), Moron (485) and Guantanamo (486)|
|Aragon||owns Havana (484), Moron (485) and Guantanamo (486)|
|Antilles||Colonial Caribbean||France or French culture group|
|Cuba||Colonial Caribbean||owns Havana (484), Moron (485) and Guantanamo (486)|
|[Root.GetAdjective] West Indies||Colonial Caribbean|
|West Indies||Colonial Caribbean|
|The Caribbean||Colonial Caribbean|
|Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Montserrat, Gonave, Aruba, Bonaire, Mustique, Bequia, Grenada, Dulcina, Barbuda, Abaco, Eleuthera, Sabinal, Saona, Mayreau, Anguilla, Anegada, Tortola, Alcarraza, Mayaguana, Saint Croix, Vieques or Roatan||Colonial Caribbean|
|New Granada||Colonial Colombia||Spain||owns Granada (223)|
|Castile||owns Granada (223)|
|Aragon||owns Granada (223)|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Colombia||Colonial Colombia|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Peru||Colonial Peru|
|Cajamarca||Colonial Peru||owns Cajamarca (813)|
|Lima||Colonial Peru||owns Lima (809)|
|Cuzco||Colonial Peru||owns Cuzco (809)|
|Argentine||Colonial La Plata||British culture group|
|Rio da Prata||Colonial La Plata||Portugal|
|Transplatina||Colonial La Plata||Portugal|
|[Root.GetAdjective] La Plata||Colonial La Plata|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Paraguay||Colonial La Plata|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Chile||Colonial La Plata|
|Argentina||Colonial La Plata|
|Uruguay||Colonial La Plata||owns Uruguay(772)|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Brazil||Colonial Brazil||Portugal|
|Terra de Vera Cruz||Colonial Brazil||Portugal||is Christian|
|Granada Al-Jadida||Colonial Brazil||Morocco, Granada or Algiers||is Muslim|
|Rio Grande||Colonial Brazil||owns Rio Grande (753)|
|Bahia||Colonial Brazil||owns Bahia (756)|
|Australia||Colonial Australia||Great Britain or England|
|Tierra Austral||Colonial Australia||Spain|
|Terre Australe||Colonial Australia||France or French culture group|
|New Holland||Colonial Australia||Netherlands, Holland or Dutch culture|
|[Root.GetAdjective] Australia||Colonial Australia|
|Terra Australis||Colonial Australia|
If no name is available (because none of the names defined for the colonial region have triggers that are satisfied by this colonial nation, because all the names for which this colonial nation satisfies the triggers were already used by other colonial nations, or because no names were defined for the colonial region), the colonial nation will be named after a province of its parent country--e.g., "New London" or "New Paris".
The motherland gets variable tariffs from their colonial subjects. These tariffs are calculated on the basis of the total income of the colonial nation. The motherland receives the full amount of tariffs while the colonial nation only loses 50%. The default tariff rate of a newly formed colonial nation is 10%. The liberty desire of the colonial nation is increased by 0.5% per percentage point tariff rate. The motherland can adjust this rate separately for each colonial subject in the subjects interface with the ‘Increase Tariffs’/ ‘Decrease Tariffs’ interactions.
There are also frequent events that present an option to raise tariffs for a particular colonial nation at the expense of some liberty desire. This is generally the preferred method to manage tariff levels as it will not cost any administrative monarch power.
A colonial fleet is not necessary to maintain and transport income home from the colonies.
The ‘Global Tariffs’ modifier of the motherland will increase the tariff efficiency and thus the value of the tariffs collected from its colonial subjects, at no additional cost to those colonial nations. Extra ducats of the listed amount will simply be generated ex nihilo and added to the motherland's treasury.
A country gets global tariffs modifier through:
|+25%||trading in slaves|
|+25%||a parliament and ‘Colonial Taxation’ as active issue|
|+10%||a colonial governor as advisor|
Ideas and policies:
- Main article: Subject_nation#Subject_interactions
As of 1.12, it is now possible to interact with a vassal. This is done through the Subject Interaction section of the Subject Menu.
- Main article: Subject nation#Liberty desire
As long as the liberty desire is below 50%, the colonial nation is unable to declare independence, and foreign nations cannot support its independence. Two disloyal colonies may form an alliance with each other, letting each call the other into an independence war.
Expanding colonial nations
Colonial nations will automatically acquire ownership of any province in its designated colonial region that its overlord has taken ownership of. The overlord does not need to have a core on these provinces for this transfer of ownership to occur. This automatic transfer of province ownership makes colonial nations an important tool for expansion by conquest in the New World, as the overlord merely needs to acquire ownership of provinces in a peace deal, and may then leave the colonial nation to deal with the associated coring costs and overextension penalties.
Colonial nations can be sold provinces within 2 provinces of its colonial region. If the overlord had cores in these provinces, the colonial nation will gain a core as well. Provinces crossing one body of water can also be sold.
Colonial nations controlled by the AI can no longer create their own colonial nations due to a restriction that a country with a its capital in a colonial region cannot create colonial nations at all, this does not change when the former colonial nation achieves independence.
Bureaucratic candidates with high administrative skills are ideal governors for an expanding colonial nation, as this will address the need for administrative power in both coring provinces and expansion ideas. (As of patch 1.8 colonial nations elect their own leaders so this is only noteworthy if one is playing as a colony, though one may still wish to replace the colonial governors, as the overlord, if the colonial nation has a weak administrative leader or has low stability.)
Players that have the ‘El Dorado’ expansion enabled can use the ‘Treaty of Tordesillas’ mechanics. It requires the player to be Catholic, to be the first to form a colonial nation in a colonial region (or to force the current holder out of the region — i.e., if Portugal has the right to the Caribbean, fully annexing them will transfer that right to the conqueror), and to have more than 50 relations with the Papal State. It will give a +10 bonus to settler growth for colonizing in that region, while other Catholic nations suffer a -20 penalty to settler growth and a stacking -50 relations penalty with the Papal States and the claimant country. Protestant nations are unaffected by any Treaty of Tordesillas claims.
Diplomacy and warfare
Colonial nations can form alliances with and declare war on primitives. Their ability to declare war is restricted to neighbors.
A colonial nation can declare war on colonial subjects of another motherland unless the mother countries were allied. It can only take bordering or coastal provinces in the peace deal.
Unlike in a traditional vassal relationship, the mother country is not automatically involved in these wars, even if the colonial nation is attacked. If the war is going badly for a colonial nation, however, the mother country can try to put a stop to it before everything gets out of hand. The colonial power can try to enforce a peace settlement on the power that is threatening the subject colony. If the target of this request refuses, then the imperial power will join that war – as will the mother country of any other involved colonial nation.
However, a colonial nation is unable to declare war on any other state on its own. If a regular established country declares war on a colonial nation, the colony is treated like an ally or vassal and the motherland is automatically called into the war.
This section may contain outdated information that is inaccurate for the current version of the game. The last version it was verified as up to date for was 1.12.
A colonial nation's war for independence will call on any foreign allies that had pledged to support its freedom.
If a colony wins an independence war, it forms a new nation, free of ties to the mother country. The colonial nation will form its own government at this point, with the choices of Administrative Republic, Administrative Monarchy, Noble Republic and Merchant Republic. Several formable nations exist for former colonial countries; it may form one when the war is over.
However, a colony that loses such a war keeps the tariff level at where the overlord set it before the conflict, and the Colonial Nation’s desire for liberty will be lowered by 15-25 points after the defeat, depending on whether the player chooses to kill or spare the colonial leader. It will then slowly climb back (by the default 1% per year) to the default level for a given tariff rate.
Elimination of the overlord
If a colonial nation's overlord is fully annexed or otherwise removed from the game, one of two things will happen:
- If the colony has already declared an independence war, it will be treated as successful. The colony will become independent, likely changing to a new tag in the process.
- If the colony has not declared independence, however, control will be transferred to whoever gained control of the former overlord's capital. This is worth keeping in mind when considering hostilities with colonial empires, as well as when negotiating peace.
Other bonuses and penalties
This section may contain outdated information that is inaccurate for the current version of the game. The last version it was verified as up to date for was 1.12.
- A colonial nation has -80% bonus to convert culture cost once provinces are annexed and converted to its religion. (On the other hand, it also has its own set of accepted cultures separate from the parent, so it won't necessarily need to do this.)
- A colonial nation cannot establish colonies outside its colonial region (even if it is within its colonial range) unless it borders the target province directly.
- Colonial nations provide their overlord with 50% of their trade power.
- Each colonial nation increases their overlord's naval force limit by 10.
- Each colonial nation of more than 10 provinces increases their overlord's land force limit by 5.
- Each colonial nation (of at least 10 provinces) increases their overlord's global trade power by 5%.
- If El Dorado is enabled, colonial nations with 10 or more provinces provide their overlord with an extra merchant. If it has gold provinces, every once in a while it sends a treasure fleet, providing the overlord with a large sum of money (and inflation). But only as long as the overlord's home trade port is downstream from the colonial nation's.
The tag that makes it playable to be a colonial nation is 'C00', followed by 'C01', 'C02', 'C03' and so on, from the order that they were formed and from the game's starting overlord.
- This was changed with patch 1.18, see here.
- See in .